In solid wood panels, individual softwood lamellae are sorted, planed, and assembled into multi-layered boards consisting of parallel outer layers and at least one core layer perpendicular to the orientation of the outer layers. Adhesive is used to bond the lamellae. Thus swelling and shrinkage due to climatic changes is minimal. Solid wood panels have a symmetric lay-up and the thickness of the outer layers is recommended to be at least 5 mm to fulfil the requirements for loadbearing structural timber components. No open joints are allowed in the core layer.
When a tree is ready for harvesting and has been felled, the trunk is usually debranched and cut into butt log, middle log, top log and one to three sections of pulpwood. Crown and branch wood can be collected up to be chipped and used as forest fuel. Smaller trees that are felled during thinning, for example, are cut into pulpwood or small-dimension sawlogs (top diameter 120–200 mm).
Sweden currently has around 140 sawmills, which produce over 10,000 cubic metres of sawn wood products per year. Production is being concentrated among ever fewer companies, with the individual sawmills specialising in wood types and product groups. Of the total production in Sweden of around 17 million cubic metres sawn wood products (2011), the 10 biggest companies account for around 60 percent and the 20 biggest companies account for around 80 percent of the country’s production. Alongside the industrial sawmills is the smaller-scale production for local and domestic purposes at a number of small sawmills. Different cutting methods are used at the sawmills. The circular saw dominates among the small sawmills, while reducer band saws and reducer circular saws are most common in larger sawmills. The reducing process mills away the circular segments outside the rectangle, which is then divided up into planks and boards using band or circular saws. The profiling saws cut a profile out of the log cross-section, and then the circular saws divide the planks and boards up into different cross-sectional dimensions. Profiling saws are very much on the up, with older sawmill methods becoming more uncommon. See also Surface structures in the chapter Quality and range.
- The wood of Caucasian oak from Krasnodar is mostly light-brown. It turns dark very quickly without any treatment. This is a very heavy, firm and solid type of wood known for high natural resistance against external impacts. The density at 12% humidity is 720kg/m3. Treated surface is very smooth.
- The Krasnodar oak can be used for the parquet, veneer sheets, furniture, machinery, beverage packaging (wine and beer barrels) and tanning industries.
- Our company specialises in mining and processing Caucasian oak using a high-tech equipment. All our products conform to European standards as the result of our significant experience in timber processing and availability of all necessary equipment such as table saws and crosscut saws by German company PAUL, WEING AG, Italian company SENTAURO S.P.A., Polish company WOODMIZER and Czech company STÖRI MANTES s.r.o.
- Our company’s offices are located in France, Germany and Moscow. The finished production is stored in a warehouse in the Czech Republic. The timber processing takes places in our workshop in Krasnodar Region, the place where the oak grows.
- We have all the necessary documents for wood logging, transportation and custom clearance.
- We love wood and take care of forest resources, making sure not to allow waste during the timber treatment. This approach contributes to an attractive and competitive price of our products.